What is Knee Pain Treatment?

Knee pain is a common complaint that affects people of all ages compromising the knee joint (femur, tibia, fibula), the kneecap (patella), or the ligaments, tendons, and cartilage (meniscus) of the knee. Many types of minor knee pain respond well to self-care measures like home remedies. Knee Pain Treatment or Physical therapy and knee braces also can help relieve knee pain. In some cases, however, your knee may require surgical repair if the pain becomes severe. 

Signs and Symptoms of Knee Pain

  • Difficulty in climbing stairs due to ligament damage (sprain),
  • Inability to fully straighten the knee
  • Limping due to discomfort,
  • Shifting weight to the opposite knee and foot.
  • Locking (unable to bend the knee),
  • Difficulty in walking due to instability of the knee,
  • Redness and warmth to the touch
  • Swelling and stiffness
  • Popping or crunching noises

Types of Knee Pain Treatment

1. Medications
2. Therapy
3. Injections
4. Surgery
5. Total knee replacement

Knee Pain Treatment overview

Knee pain can affect people of all ages. It can be treated through Non-surgical ACL rehabilitation which involves evidence-based exercise to restore muscle function and lower-limb mechanics to stabilize the knee and return to normal function. But if the pain becomes severe it’s advisable to consult a doctor and take the following Knee Pain treatments that vary depending upon what exactly is causing your knee pain. 

1. Medications

Your doctor may prescribe medications to help relieve pain and to treat underlying conditions. If you are taking over-the-counter anti-inflammatory pain medications regularly for your knee pain, you should see your doctor to be evaluated. Medications are one of the best Knee Pain Treatment.

2. Therapy

Strengthening the muscles around your knee will make it more stable. If you’re a sportsperson the doctors recommend you to do exercises to correct movement patterns that may be affecting your knees and establish good technique during your sport or activity to improve your flexibility and balance. In certain conditions, different types of braces are used to help protect and support the knee joint. Sometimes physical therapy sessions to strengthen the muscles around the knee will make it more stable and guarantee the best mechanical movements. Working with a physical therapist can help avoid injuries or further worsening of an injury.

3. Injections

Injecting medications or others substances directly into your knee might help in certain situations. Examples include:

Corticosteroids: Injections of a corticosteroid drug into your knee joint helps you to relieve the pain and to reduce the symptoms of arthritis which is nothing but the swelling and tenderness of one or more of your joints.

Hyaluronic acid.  A thick fluid, similar to the fluid that naturally lubricates joints will be injected into your knee to improve mobility and ease pain.

Platelet-rich plasma PRP tends to work better in people whose knee pain is caused by tendon tears, sprains or injury. It concentrates on platelet cells taken from your blood as they have growth factors that helps you in healing injuries.

4. Surgery

If you have an injury that may require surgery, it’s usually not necessary to have the operation immediately. If you choose to have surgery, your options may include:

Arthroscopic surgery

Arthroscopy is a procedure for diagnosing and treating joint problems. A   surgeon inserts a narrow tube attached to a fiber-optic video camera through a small incision about the size of a buttonhole. The view inside your joint is transmitted to a high-definition video monitor. Surgeons can even repair some types of joint damage during arthroscopy, with pencil-thin surgical instruments inserted through additional small incisions.

Partial knee replacement surgery 

The surgeon replaces the damaged portions of the knee with plastic and metal parts. This procedure

has a shorter recovery then a total knee replacement.

5. Total knee replacement ( Knee Pain Treatment )

In this procedure, the knee is replaced with an artificial joint. The surgeon cuts away damaged bone and cartilage from your thighbone, shinbone, and kneecap, and replaces it with an artificial joint made of metal alloys, high-grade plastics, and polymers.

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