What is Knee Pain Treatment?
Knee pain is a common grievance that strikes all people including the (femur, tibia, fibula) knee joint, (patella) the kneecap or the ligaments, tendons, and (meniscus) cartilage of the knee. Many types of minor knee pain respond well to self-care measures like home remedies. Physical therapy and knee braces help to relieve knee pain. In some cases, however, your knee may require surgical repair if the pain becomes severe.
Signs and Symptoms of Knee Pain
- Difficulty in climbing stairs due to ligament damage (sprain),
- Inability to fully straighten the knee
- Limping due to discomfort,
- Changing weight to the opposite knee and foot.
- Locking (unable to bend the knee),
- Instability of the knee leading to difficulty in walking.
- Redness and warmth to the touch
- Swelling and stiffness
- Popping or crunching noises
Types of Knee Pain Treatment
5. Total knee replacement
Knee Pain Treatment overview
Knee pain can affect people of all ages. It can be treated through Non-surgical ACL rehabilitation which involves evidence-based exercise to restore muscle function and lower-limb mechanics to stabilise the knee and return to normal function. But if the pain becomes severe it’s advisable to consult a doctor and take the following treatments that varies depending upon what exactly is causing your knee pain.
Your doctor may recommend medications to help relieve pain and to treat underlying conditions. If you are taking non-prescribed anti-inflammatory pain medications regularly for your knee pain, you should see your physician to be evaluated.
Expanding to strengthen the muscles around your knee will make it more persistent. If you’re a sportsperson the doctors recommend you to do exercises to correct movement patterns that may be affecting your knees and establish good technique during your sport or activity to improve your flexibility and balance. In certain conditions, different types of braces are used to help protect and support the knee joint.
Sometimes physical therapy is done to enhance the muscles around the knee to make it more stable and ensure mechanical movements are made comfortable. Working with a physical therapist helps to avoid injuries or further worsening of any injuries.
Injecting medications or other substances directly into your knee might help in certain situations. Examples include:
Corticosteroids: Injections of a corticosteroid drug into your knee joint helps you to relieve the pain and to reduce the symptoms of arthritis which is nothing but the swelling and weakness of one or more joints.
Hyaluronic acid: A thick fluid, similar to the fluid that naturally lubricates joints will be injected into your knee to improve mobility and ease the pain.
Platelet-rich plasma: PRP tends to work better in people whose knee pain is caused by tendon tears, sprains, or injury. It concentrates on platelet cells taken from your blood as they have growth factors that help you in healing injuries.
If you have an injury that may need surgery, it’s usually not required to have the operation immediately. If you choose to have surgery, your options may involve:
An arthroscopy is an approach for diagnosing and treating joint problems. A surgeon injects a narrow tube fixed to a fiber-optic video camera through a small section about the size of a buttonhole. The inside view of your joint is transmitted to a high-definition video monitor, by inserting pencil-thin tools through additional small incisions.
Partial knee replacement surgery
The surgeon replaces the damaged parts of the knee with plastic or metal parts. This procedure
has a shorter recovery compared to the total knee replacement.
The knee is replaced with an artificial joint in this procedure. The surgeon cuts away damaged bone and cartilage from your thighbone, shinbone, and kneecap, and replaces it with an artificial joint made of metal alloys, high-grade plastics, and polymers.