Knee replacements are also known as knee arthroplasty. They are surgeries that are usually performed when the person suffers from a particular medical condition called arthriti.
Why Would One Need Knee Surgery?
Osteoarthritis, the breakdown of joint cartilage and underlying bone is one of the major reasons for knee replacement surgery.
Other reasons for Knee Surgery?
Rheumatoid arthritis:The lining of the knee is attacked and destroyed by the body’s immune system.Deformities:People with bent legs or “knock-knees” often undergo surgery to restore the position of the knee.
Total knee replacement is the most common traditional method used by doctors to treat a damaged knee, the surgeon replaces the surfaces of the thigh bone and shin bone that connects to the knee.
Partial Knee Replacement
It can be done through a smaller slit that is required for performing the TKR. The surgeon removes the stiffness in joints called the arthritic and then replaces that area with either metal or plastic.
This can be highly effective for people with chronic kneecap arthritis which replaces only theunder-surface of the kneecap
Complex Knee Replacement
This procedure is required if there is severe arthritis or if there is an existing two or three surgeries.
Sometimes when the knee has a distinct injury in this area it can be replaced with a living cartilage graft or cells which grow into cartilage.