5 Most Common Knee Injuries and Treatment

knee replacement surgery in Chennai
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Your knees are vital for mobility and have a lot of moving parts. These are the largest joints in the body and it gets most easily injured as it is composed of ligaments, tendons, bones and cartilage. So, when injuries occur, they can lead to weakness or pain in the joint where your activities get limited. 

If the pain is minimal, most of them can be cured by physical therapy and medications but when there are complex injuries, it is essential to approach the orthopaedic hospital in the Bharath Orthopaedics for getting the best knee replacement surgery in Chennai.

Symptoms of Knee Injury

If you experience any of these following symptoms, you are most likely to have one of the common knee injuries. They include:

  • Pain
  • Tenderness
  • Swelling
  • Instability
  • Bruising
  • Difficulty to bear weight
  • Trouble to bend the knees
  • Clicking or popping noises
  • Difficulty to move

These symptoms can vary from individual to individual depending on the type of the severity of the injury. For instance, acute knee injuries may cause more pain and swelling whereas chronic injury or injury due to overuse may cause intermittent pain, clicking or popping. Mostly for the acute knee injuries you may be required to opt for knee replacement surgery in Chennai. 

knee replacement surgery in Chennai

Risk Factors of Knee Injuries

The different factors that can cause the risk of a knee injury may be because of:

  • Age – The elderly people are at high risk of getting knee injury as it can be due to falls and diseases like osteoporosis.
  • Sports – High-impact sports like running, cycling, soccer, basketball, football and others can increase the risk of knee pain or injury and if it gets worsened, knee replacement surgery in Chennai is recommended to resume the normal activities.
  • Disease – Arthritis, osteoporosis, gout or degenerative joint disease can cause knee injuries such as bursitis.
  • Gender – Women are most susceptible to patellar injuries and ACL due to their anatomy.
  • Weight – Excess weight adds additional strain on low extremity joint replacement surgery and also creates a greater risk of a knee injury.
  • Overuse – If you are overusing or overstraining your knee beside training incorrectly, during sports and other activities, there is an increased risk of a knee injury which can lead to a knee replacement surgery in Chennai.

5 Most Common Knee Injuries and Treatment

The knee joint can suffer severe damage during almost any activity, even while sitting down. Here’s what you should know about the 5 most common knee injuries, and their treatment.

Meniscal Tears

The meniscus is a thin cartilage rim which acts as a cushion to the knee joint replacement. The meniscus may become ruptured or torn in an athletic or other injury and in turn causes severe pain, tenderness, swelling, and a limited range of motion.

Meniscus tears don’t often heal by themselves but respond quickly to physical therapy and other conservative treatments. Arthroscopic knee replacement surgery in Chennai may be necessary in the most severe tears.

Fractures

As you must have known, the three bones – the thigh bone, the shin bone and the kneecap together make up the knee. If any of these bones can break during a car accident, a fall or an indirect trauma, the fractured bone can cause heavy pain, severe tenderness and swelling as well as it can lead to difficulty in walking.

Stable fractures can heal by themselves by taking several weeks or months once set in a cast. On the other hand, the displaced fractures require knee replacement surgery in Chennai from the orthopaedics hospital to reset the bones. In both cases, recovery will require an extensive physical therapy program for strengthening the joint and regaining the full range of motion.

ACL Injuries

The ACL (Anterior Cruciate Ligament) is considered to be one of the four important knee ligaments which helps in stabilizing the knee. The ACL may tear due to a sudden shift of force or direction like the sports injuries. A partial or complete tear can cause pain, swelling, knee instability, and a popping sound in the knee.

While partial tears can be treated conservatively in less active patients, active patients suffering from partial or complete tears need arthroscopic knee replacement surgery in Chennai to regain knee joint function.

Dislocations

The patella or kneecap may become dislodged at the bottom of the femur starting from the groove. This is referred to as dislocation and as a result of this, it can cause acute or chronic injury. 

If there is severe pain and swelling with a restricted motion, then the patient has to check with the orthopaedic surgeon and go for Total knee replacement surgery. Most of the patellar dislocations can be stabilized with bracing and result but a repeatedly dislocated kneecap may require knee replacement surgery in Chennai.

Tendon Tears

The patellar tendon is the tissue which is responsible for connecting the thigh muscles to the patella. It allows you to straighten and flex your knee. It might become ruptured because of a strong or sudden force, and tear upon an awkward landing or a fall. Partial tears can be treated conservatively with the help of a brace and physical therapy. But a full tear will require knee replacement surgery in Chennai.

Both athletes and non-athletes will suffer from a knee injury. If you suffer from acute or chronic knee pain, it is recommended to consult with an experienced orthopaedic surgeon as he/she can help you recover completely.

Treatments for Knee Injuries

With the exception of a severe tear or an obvious fracture that requires knee replacement surgery in Chennai, other knee injuries are often treated conservatively with compression, elevation, rest or anti-inflammatory medications. 

If these treatments don’t provide enough pain relief and progress, the patient has to go for a knee arthroscopy, a minimally invasive procedure where the surgeon uses a camera to repair the injured knee. If knee problems become chronic, you have to approach the best orthopaedic hospital that provides knee replacements with an affordable knee replacement surgery cost Chennai.

Conclusion

To summarize, if your knee has been bothering you, no matter the type of injury or the course of treatment including a reasonable knee replacement surgery cost Chennai, the experts at Bharath Orthopaedics can be beneficial for you to overcome the problem and help you resume your routine activities.