What Does Joint Replacement Surgery mean?
Joint replacement is done to remove the damaged or diseased parts of the joint by replacing them with artificial devices or man-made parts. Mostly hips and knees are replaced in joint replacement surgery.
Others include the replacement in the fingers, ankles, elbows, and shoulders, etc. At Bharath Orthopaedics, we use the most advanced techniques especially in the joint replacement surgery in Chennai to help you relieve the pain and discomfort to restore to a normal life.
When Do You require a Joint Replacement?
1. If the person is aged say above 55 years of age
2. If you experience pain in your hip after a workout or exercise
3. If you have stiff joints
4. If you are unable to perform your routine activities
Why Does Pain Develop in Joints?
With age, the Knee ligament surgery tissue that pads our bones become slim. Thus, the bones begin scouring against one another or squeezing against nerves and encompassing tissues. This causes joint agony. Falls and wounds before, osteoarthritis, osteoporosis Treatment, inactive way of life, way of life propensities and drugs for specific circumstances all increment the gamble for joint torment.
Benefits of Joint Replacement Surgery in Chennai
- Pain relief
- Peaceful sleep
- Increased movements in the joints
- Correction of deformity
- Sports person can take part in low-impact sport activities
- Quality of life is improved
- Ability to return to normal life
What is Arthroplasty?
The meaning of arthroplasty is surgical joint replacement. During the method, your medical services supplier eliminates a harmed joint and replaces it with a counterfeit joint. The fake joint (prosthesis) can be metal, artistic or rock solid plastic. The new joint seems to be the normal joint and moves likewise.
Specialists can supplant joints in any piece of your body, yet the most widely recognized kinds of arthroplasty are hip replacement and knee replacement.
- Total hip replacement
- Revision hip replacement
- Knee joint replacement
- Shoulder joint replacement
- Hip joint replacement
Total Hip Replacement
Total hip replacement is used to treat osteoarthritis or degenerative arthritis using a prosthesis to eliminate pain. It is considered one of the most successful and common surgical procedures in orthopaedic surgery.
Procedure of THR
Incision or cut is made to expose the hip joint over the posterior lateral hip. A special instrument called a reamer is used in the acetabulum. The surgeon removes the femur or the thighbone and reams away the socket’s surface which secures in a socket made of polyethylene during the joint replacement surgery in Chennai.
Then, the surgeon uses a metalhead and stem into the thighbone by a press fit or using bone cement. After which, the ball is placed into the cup. So that, a new hip ensures proper stability and mobility. Then the muscles and soft tissues are closed gently.
Revision Hip Replacement
Revision Hip Replacement is a complex procedure where it takes a too long time and has more complications requiring larger wounds using specialist equipment. It is nothing but a part or all of your previous hip injuries or replacements that need to be revised.
The minor adjustments and massive operations of the joint replacement surgery in Chennai depend on the significant amounts of bone that get replaced.
Knee Joint Replacement
Knee replacement also known as arthroplasty is a surgical procedure done to resurface the knee for a patient’s arthritis or a bad knee injury. It resurfaces the damaged part of the knee exercises to reduce acute knee discomfort
Procedure of Knee Joint Replacement
During the joint replacement surgery in Chennai, an incision is made to the damaged part of the knee and resurfaced with a prosthesis. The prosthesis may be cemented or un-cemented depending on the patient’s requirement. Then the incision is closed using the surgical dressings.
Shoulder Joint Replacement
Shoulder replacement is done to reduce pain and restore mobility in patients with end-stage shoulder arthritis or suffering from severe shoulder fractures.
Procedure of Shoulder Joint Replacement
The shoulder replacement surgery is done by replacing the damaged humeral head with a metal ball, and the glenoid cavity is replaced with a smooth plastic cup. The prosthesis may be a metal or plastic implant system.
Hip Joint Replacement
Hip joint replacement is done to replace the damaged ball-and-socket with artificial synthetic parts that mimic the ball and the socket.
Procedure of Hip Joint Replacement
A cemented prosthesis is attached to the hip pain treatment with bone cement for quicker adhesion. Uncemented joints take a long time to get attached to the bone. Both the prosthesis used have differences regarding recovery. Another option is a muscle-sparing hip replacement to spare cuts through the muscles to reduce pain.
They are commonly performed through anterior or posterior based on the location of the incision. Anterior incisions are made in the front of the upper thigh, while posterior incisions are made in the hip’s back.
Are You Healthy For The Operation?
An appropriate orthopaedic evaluation for joint replacement surgery in Chennai is very much necessary by getting treatment from a qualified orthopaedic specialist to share his/her opinion. The orthopaedist will gather information regarding your general health-related problems, and then performs physical examinations.
Other tests like x-ray, blood tests, etc. will be done to complete the evaluation. After which, your orthopaedic surgeon will review the results and discuss the details with you to relieve your pain and improve your joints function.
Joint Replacement Surgery Pre-op & Post-op Course
Joint Replacement Surgery Pre-op Course
All procedures require medical clearance by an internist at HSS which must be done within 28 days prior to your surgery date. We will coordinate these appointments as well as an educational class.
We recommend stopping the use of all anti-inflammatory, fish oil supplements, and other blood-thinning medications one week prior to surgery. Your clearing doctor will make recommendations regarding other prescription medications.
Joint Replacement Surgery Post-op course
Your hospital course will entail admission from 1-2 days. Once you are cleared by therapy after the joint replacement surgery in Chennai you can be discharged to home with provided visiting nurse services and physical therapy services at home. This will be followed by outpatient Physical Therapy. Your initial follow-up will be six weeks postoperative.
On average your return to work recovery will be approximately six to eight weeks, depending on individual recovery. The majority of patients will be able to resume most sporting activities in twelve weeks post-op.
Additional information to help you prepare for Smart Knee Replacement