Best Keyhole Surgery Treatment in Chennai

Keyhole Surgery in Chennai | Bharath Orthopaedics
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In the world of orthopaedics, technological advancements have revolutionized the way we treat musculoskeletal conditions. Keyhole surgery, also known as minimally invasive surgery, is at the forefront of these innovations. This blog explores the significance, various applications, preparation, and benefits of keyhole surgery in Chennai.

Understanding Keyhole Surgery

Keyhole surgery, or minimally invasive surgery, is a surgical technique that involves making small incisions, typically less than one centimetre in size, to access and treat orthopaedic conditions. Unlike traditional open surgery, which requires larger incisions, keyhole surgery in Chennai utilizes specialized instruments and cameras, offering several advantages.

Keyhole Surgery in Chennai | Bharath Orthopaedics

Applications of Keyhole Surgery in Chennai’s Orthopaedic Care

Keyhole surgery finds extensive application in orthopaedics for a wide range of conditions. Some common orthopaedic procedures performed using this approach include:

  • Arthroscopy: Keyhole surgery is frequently used for diagnosing and treating joint problems such as torn ligaments, damaged cartilage, and arthritis.
  • Spinal Surgery: Minimally invasive techniques are employed for spinal procedures like discectomy, fusion, and vertebroplasty.
  • Fracture Repair: Certain fractures can be fixed using minimally invasive methods, reducing recovery time and scarring.
  • Joint Replacement: While not suitable for all cases, minimally invasive joint replacement is gaining popularity as it offers less pain and a quicker return to normal activities.

Keyhole Surgery Techniques

Several techniques are commonly used for the keyhole surgery in Chennai:

  • Arthroscopy: Involves inserting a camera and instruments through small incisions to diagnose and treat joint issues.
  • Endoscopy: Employed for conditions involving the spine, endoscopy allows for visualization and treatment through small incisions.
  • Minimally Invasive Fusion: Used for spinal fusion, this technique stabilizes the spine while minimizing tissue damage.
  • Robotic Surgery: Some orthopaedic procedures are performed by the arthroscopic surgeon in Chennai with the assistance of robotic systems, enhancing precision.


Preparing for keyhole surgery in Chennai is essential to ensure a successful procedure and a smooth recovery. Here’s a comprehensive guide on how to prepare for this minimally invasive surgery:

  • Consultation and Evaluation: Schedule an initial consultation with your orthopaedic surgeon to discuss your condition and the need for keyhole surgery in Chennai. Share your medical history, including any allergies, chronic illnesses, medications, and previous surgeries.
  • Medical Tests: Your surgeon may order pre-operative tests like blood work, X-rays, MRI scans, or CT scans to assess the extent of your condition. These tests help your surgeon plan the surgery and ensure you’re in good overall health.
  • Medications: Inform your surgeon about all the medications you’re currently taking, including over-the-counter drugs and supplements. Your surgeon may advise you to discontinue certain medications, especially blood thinners, before surgery.
  • Nutrition and Lifestyle: Maintain a balanced diet rich in nutrients to support healing. Consider increasing your intake of vitamins and protein. Quit smoking and limit alcohol consumption, as these can impair your body’s ability to heal.
  • Physical Fitness: Engage in light physical activity to build strength and improve circulation. Consult your arthroscopic surgeon in Chennai about the types of exercises that are safe for your condition.

Advantages of Keyhole Surgery

Keyhole surgery in Chennai boasts numerous advantages over traditional open surgery, making it an attractive option for both patients and surgeons.

  • Minimal Scarring: The small incisions result in less visible scarring, leading to improved cosmetic outcomes.
  • Reduced Pain: Patients often experience less post-operative pain, requiring fewer pain medications.
  • Quicker Recovery: Faster recovery times mean shorter hospital stays and quicker return to daily activities.
  • Lower Risk of Infection: Smaller incisions reduce the risk of infection compared to open surgery.
  • Improved Precision: The use of cameras and specialized instruments allows for enhanced visualization and precision during surgery.

Disadvantages of Keyhole Surgery

While minimally invasive keyhole surgery offers many benefits, it also has potential disadvantages:

  • Limited Visibility: The surgeon’s view is limited, which can be challenging for complex cases.
  • Longer Operating Time: Some keyhole procedures may take longer than open surgery.
  • Specialized Training: Surgeons need specific training for keyhole techniques.
  • Not Suitable for All Cases: Not all procedures can be performed minimally invasively.
  • Equipment Costs: Requires specialized equipment and can be more expensive.
  • Risk of Injury: Rarely, nearby structures can be accidentally damaged.

Despite these disadvantages, keyhole surgery is often preferred for its shorter recovery times and reduced scarring. The choice of surgical approach depends on the specific procedure and the patient’s condition.

Challenges and Considerations

While keyhole surgery offers numerous benefits, it’s not without challenges. Your arthroscopic surgeon in Chennai must carefully select cases for minimally invasive procedures, and some patients may not be suitable candidates. Additionally, the learning curve for these techniques can be steep, and specialized equipment is required.

Benefits of arthroscopy

  • Minimally invasive: Arthroscopy uses small incisions, reducing trauma to surrounding tissues.
  • Faster recovery: With smaller incisions, patients generally experience faster healing and shorter recovery times.
  • Diagnostic precision: Allows direct visualization of joint structures, helping to accurately diagnose problems such as cartilage damage or torn ligaments.
  • Reduced pain and discomfort: Minimal tissue disruption results in less post-operative pain compared to traditional open surgery.
  • Reduced risk of infection: Smaller incisions reduce the likelihood of infection, improving overall safety.
  • Outpatient procedure: Often performed on an outpatient basis, minimizing hospital stay and associated costs.
  • Cosmetic benefits: Smaller scars contribute to improved cosmetic outcomes compared to larger, open surgeries.

What is the recovery time?

Recovery time from arthroscopy can vary depending on the specific procedure performed and individual factors. However, in general

1. Minor procedures: Patients can resume normal activities within a few days to a week.
2. Major procedures: Recovery may take several weeks, with physiotherapy and a gradual increase in activity.
3. Major procedures: Full recovery may take several months, with a gradual return to regular activities.

Patients should follow their surgeon’s post-operative instructions, attend recommended rehabilitation sessions, and communicate any concerns for optimal recovery.


To conclude, keyhole surgery has transformed the field of orthopaedics, offering patients less invasive treatment options with reduced pain and quicker recovery times. For more precise and effective keyhole surgery in Chennai, consider consulting with Dr. L. Bharath at Bharath Orthopaedics. Dr. L. Bharath, a renowned orthopedic specialist, and his dedicated team are committed to delivering the highest standard of care to orthopaedic patients who seek their expertise.

Read also Physiotherapy Treatment for Knee Ligament Injury.

Frequently Asked Questions

No, keyhole surgery in Chennai is not universally applicable. Its suitability depends on the specific orthopaedic condition and the patient’s individual circumstances. While it’s effective for many procedures, some complex or extensive cases may require traditional open surgery. Consult with your orthopaedic surgeon to determine if keyhole surgery is an option for your condition.

While keyhole surgery in Chennai is minimally invasive and generally safe, there are risks such as infection, bleeding, and injury to nearby structures. Additionally, some patients may experience complications like blood clots or adverse reactions to anaesthesia. Your surgeon will discuss these risks and benefits with you during the pre-operative consultation.

Recovery after keyhole surgery in Chennai is often faster and involves less post-operative pain compared to open surgery. Patients typically experience smaller scars and can return to normal activities sooner. However, the exact recovery time varies depending on the specific procedure, the patient’s health, and adherence to post-operative care instructions. Your surgeon will provide personalized guidance on your recovery process.

Minimally invasive keyhole surgery (laparoscopic or arthroscopic) is often considered safer than traditional open surgery. It typically results in smaller incisions, reduced blood loss, shorter hospital stays, and quicker recovery times. However, the safety of a surgical approach depends on the specific procedure, the surgeon’s expertise, and the patient’s individual health. Both methods have their own advantages and risks, which should be discussed with a healthcare provider.

In keyhole surgery (laparoscopic or arthroscopic), multiple small incisions, usually ranging from 0.5 to 1.5 centimeters, are made. The number of incisions depends on the specific procedure and instruments used, but typically ranges from 2 to 5 incisions. These small cuts allow the insertion of a camera and specialized surgical instruments, providing access to the surgical site while minimizing scarring and tissue damage.

Arthroscopy, or keyhole surgery, is performed for various reasons:

  • Diagnostic: It allows direct visualization of joint structures to diagnose the cause of pain or dysfunction.
  • Therapeutic: Arthroscopic procedures can treat conditions like torn ligaments, cartilage damage, and joint inflammation.
  • Minimally Invasive: It offers smaller incisions, reduced scarring, and quicker recovery compared to open surgery.
  • Recovery: Patients often experience less pain, swelling, and a faster return to normal activities.
  • Accuracy: Surgeons can address specific joint issues with precision.

The suitability of arthroscopy depends on the joint and the underlying condition. It is commonly used for knee, shoulder, hip, and wrist joint problems.