Knee Ligament Surgery Overview
Ligaments (Knee Ligament Surgery) are elastic tough bands of fibrous tissue that connect bones and provide stability and strength to the joint. Flexible band of tough fibrous connective tissues which connects two bones or cartilages to strengthen the joints.
They conjointly provide support to limit the joint’s movement. Ligaments are often damaged typically in a sports injury where the knee joint becomes unstable. A torn ligament severely limits knee movement. This ends up in the incapability of turn, or twist of the leg.
If medical treatments are not convincing, ligament repair surgery may be an effective treatment. Replacing the ligament with a piece of healthy connective tissues or the tendon to correct a torn knee ligament is involved. The connective tissues that unite a muscle with some other part are the tendons.
Ligaments in the Knee
Ligaments play an important role in keeping the knee stable and enabling a person to have a full range of active movement. There are about four main ligaments in the knee which includes:
- An anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) – It helps to control to control the rotation and forward movement of shin bone – which is in front of the leg below the knee and is located in the center of the knee.
- A posterior cruciate ligament (PCL) – It is located in the center of the knee to control the backward movement of the shin bone.
- Medial collateral ligament (MCL) – It gives stability to the inner knee.
- Lateral collateral ligament (LCL) – This gives stability to the outer knee.
- You’ll be requested to attend a pre-admission clinic to discuss about the procedure of the surgery.
- A physical examination. investigations and tests, such as a knee X-ray will be taken.
- You’ll have to discuss about the tablets or types of medication you have been taking so far with the surgeon.
- They’ll ask some questions about your teeth, like whether you wear caps, dentures, or a plate because a tube may be put down your throat to help you inhale at the time of the operation, and any loose teeth could be highly dangerous.
During the Surgery (Knee Ligament Surgery):
- You will be given anaesthesia and the surgeon will carefully examine the inside of your knee, with a medical instrument called an arthroscope.
- After confirming that your ACL is torn, your surgeon will perform grafting by removing a piece of healthy skin or bone cut to the correct size from one part of the body.
- It will then be located in the knee and fixed to the (femur) which is the thigh bone and (tibia) the shin bone to repair and relocate. Mostly grafting is done from the inner side of your knee or from the bottom of the kneecap.
- After the graft tissue has been secured, your surgeon will examine whether it’s strong enough to hold your knee together. They’ll also ensure that your knee has the full range of motion and that the knee is stable using the graft when it’s bent or moved.
Post Surgery (Knee Ligament Surgery):
- After the knee surgery gets completed, the wound will be closed with stitches.
- If the stitches are dissolvable, they should definitely disappear after three weeks, if not your stitches will be removed by a healthcare professional.
- Your surgeon will advise you on how to care for your wound by washing with mild soap and warm water.
- Your knee will be bandaged with a waterproof bandage to help reduce swelling and you will also be given a Cryo to wear.
- You will be given pain killer medication for irritation, swelling, and redness down the front of your shin and ankle. These are temporary symptoms that will make you improve for about a week.
- Your surgeon will guide you about a structured rehabilitation program to be followed for a speedy recovery.