Get the best total knee replacement in Chennai at Bharath Orthopaedics. Total knee replacement surgery is also known as total knee arthroplasty is a procedure that removes the damaged bone and replaces it with an artificial joint made of metal alloys and polymers.
If the non-surgical knee treatments like medicines and walking support are no longer helpful, you should consider knee surgery which is safe. The total knee replacement in Chennai surgery helps in relieving pain, correcting leg deformity.
Joint Replacement medical procedure is a protected and compelling methodology to assuage torment, right leg deformation, and help you continue typical exercises.
Knee Pain Causes
- Osteoarthritis is a type of arthritis that is very common to millions of people all over the world. This happens due to the wear and tear of the protective cartilage.
- Rheumatoid arthritis continues and weakens the immune system. Joints and other body organs swell and there is pain around the areas.
- Post-Traumatic Arthritis: This happens after a knee injury. This usually occurs after physical injury to the joint.
How does total knee replacement surgery work?
Total Knee Replacement or TKR is an operative procedure where the damaged knee is replaced using an artificial knee. During the surgery, the ends of the thighbone are ejected and replaced with an artificial metal shell; the edge of the leg bone is replaced with a plastic piece over a manmade metal stem.
Depending on the damaged condition of the kneecap, the undersurface will also be resurfaced with a plastic kneecap. Many designs with different materials are used in replacements.
At Bharath Orthopaedics, known for affordable total knee replacement in Chennai, we use advanced implants to deliver the best clinical outcomes and increase the lifestyle.
Read also: Knee surgery recovery tips
Benefits of total knee replacement
- Pain relief
- Increased movements in the joints
- Correction of deformity or straight knee
- Strengthens the leg
- Quality of life is improved
- Ability to return to normal life
Total Knee Treatment Procedures Followed
- Hyaluronic acid injections or knee shots
- Platelet rich plasma or PRP injections
- Stem cell therapy
Hyaluronic acid or knee shots
Hyaluronic acid is like a substance that occurs in the joints, and it acts as a lubricant as well as a shock absorber, helping the joint to work properly. Hyaluronic acid injections are also known as HA or gel injections. They are used in treating knee pain of patients with osteoarthritis or for whom other treatments have been ineffective.
How do hyaluronic acid joint injections work?
For a healthy joint, a fluid named hyaluronan provides lubrication. But, if are infected with osteoarthritis, there would be less supply of this fluid. Hyaluronic acid joint injections complement the joint’s hyaluronan with hyaluronic acid.
It is a basic procedure performed where the doctor injects hyaluronic acid directly in and around the joints’ area. The injections will depend on the specific type of usage of hyaluronan preparation, but most people are injected for three to five weeks.
If the treatment is effective, you can experience good results within days. Sometimes, the relief often lasts for several months when your doctor may recommend repetitions. Knee shots are the popular treatment method when it comes to total knee replacement in Chennai.
Platelet rich plasma or PRP injections
Plasma is a liquid part of the human blood mostly made of water and protein. It allows red, and white blood cells along with the platelets to move through your bloodstream. Platelets make your blood clot as they play a major role in healing.
How do PRP injections work?
To collect plasma, the surgeon takes samples of blood from your body and to separate the platelet-rich plasma from the blood he uses the machine. Then the area of your body is being treated with PRP injections.
The surgeon uses a needle to inject the plasma by making the area of your body numb. PRP injections are used to treat torn tendons, muscle injuries, joint injuries, tendinitis and, arthritis.
Stem cell therapy
Stem cells are special cells that act as building blocks and have the potential to distinguish the types of cells within the human body. It is a strategy to repair degenerative cartilage than implantation with a key focus of tissue on the functional replacement of cartilage and meniscus regeneration.
How does stem cell therapy work?
During the procedure, your physician will draw the blood through a peripheral vein. Then the physician will extract a sample of your bone marrow from the iliac crest which is considered one of the most fruitful sites to harvest stem cells.
The blood samples and bone marrow samples are used to prepare an injection of growth factors from the blood and stem cells processed out of the bone marrow. This mixture is injected into the affected orthopaedic therapy targeted area to promote healing and recovery.
Knee Replacement Surgery in Chennai
Knee replacements are also known as knee arthroplasty. They are surgeries that are usually performed when the person suffers from a particular medical condition called arthritis, or it can also be due to reasons like cartilage defects, ligament tear, and major fractures in the area that call for the replacement.
Knee replacement surgery in Chennai is a procedure to improve or partially and fully remove the surfaces of the knee that reduces the pain, removes inability, and creates durability for the knee in movement and flexibility.
Why Would One Need Knee Surgery?
Osteoarthritis, the breakdown of joint cartilage and underlying bone is one of the major reasons for knee replacement surgery in Chennai. Age is a very common condition and it occurs when cartilage the protection or covering between the knee and the bone joints breaks down.
Other reasons for Knee Replacement Surgery in Chennai
- Rheumatoid arthritis: The lining of the knee is attacked and destroyed by the body’s immune system.
- Deformities: People with bent legs or “knock-knees” often undergo surgery to restore the position of the knee.
- Knee injuries: When a bone is broken or if there is a tear in the ligament around the knee, resulting in arthritis causing great pain and gradually limits your movements.
Types of knee replacement surgery
- Total Knee Replacement
- Partial Knee Replacement
- Patellofemoral Replacement
- Complex Knee Replacement
- Cartilage Restoration
Total knee replacement
Total knee replacement is the most common traditional method used by doctors to treat a damaged knee, the surgeon replaces the surfaces of the thigh bone and shin bone that connects to the knee.
The TKR after the surgery functions as a natural knee and can be customized enough even to work and fit the body type of every kind in the way you want it respectively. The surgeon performs four-step techniques in this knee replacement surgery in Chennai.
- Firstly, the bone and the cartilage are treated and removed,
- The second step is to fit and fix the implants on the area or the bone either attaching it or making it happen certainly.
- The third step is fixing a plastic button below the kneecap,
- Finally, the surgeon inserts and fixes a plastic spacer between the knee and the femur (thigh bone) to accomplish smooth flexibility and functioning of the knee.
Finally, there should be a proper alignment, after which the bone must be carefully fitted for a fair movement.
Partial knee replacement
The partial knee surgery is applicable and suitable for individuals who have strong knee ligaments to resist the surgery as only the infected and the least part is replaced by protecting most of the natural bone, ligaments, and tissues in place for the rest of the bodily movements and if only one side of your knee, is affected with arthritis this surgery can be performed.
It can be done through a smaller slit that is required for performing the TKR. The surgeon removes the stiffness in joints called the arthritic and then replaces that area with either metal or plastic for this type of knee replacement surgery in Chennai.
This knee replacement surgery in Chennai can be highly effective for people with chronic kneecap arthritis which replaces only the under-surface of the kneecap
Complex knee replacement
This procedure is required if there is severe arthritis or if there is an existing two or three surgeries.
Sometimes when the knee has a distinct injury in this area it can be replaced with a living cartilage graft or cells which grow into cartilage.
Knee Cartilage Transplant
Knee Cartilage Transplants is a method to replace damaged cartilage in the knee joint with healthful, cartilage. This is thought of as one of the greatest knee pain therapy.
Knee cartilage transplants are just performed in regions where there’s smaller harm as a graft could just be removed out of a small region from precisely exactly the exact identical joint. They’re generally performed by means of a little camera called an arthroscope, which means that the incision probably is smaller and recovery faster and easier than with open surgery.
If the damaged region is too large to get an autograft, then you might need to undergo an allograft that will call for open surgery. An allograft is the same as an autograft, it is removed from bone and cartilage. It’s sterilized and analyzed for any potential disorder. An allograft enables your surgeon to accurately cut and set the cartilage on a damaged joint. And this is also referred to as one of the knee replacement surgery.
Step 1: Removal of Damaged Cartilage
The 1st and foremost Knee cartilage transplant is the removal of defect cartilage. And it is done as follows. Articular cartilage is a rubbery tissue that covers the ends of bones. Its smooth surface acts as a cushion between bones.
Step 2: Procedure is performed
Cartilage may break down because of overuse or trauma. This can cause swelling and pain problems with your joints. Your treatment will be dependent on the magnitude of this defect and the conclusion of your surgeon. This process is done on those that have a particular cartilage defect generally as a result of an injury. It isn’t achieved when cartilage reduction is significantly more extensive.
Step 3: Incisions
A small incision is made around the joint. The range and surgical instruments will be within these incisions.
Step 4: Visualization
The scope is placed into the knee. Via a tube (cannula) and to the knee to extend the joint and to increase visualization. The picture will be sent to your video screen where the surgeon is able to see the joint.
Step 5: Repair
A plugin allograft tissue comprising cartilage and bone is formed to fit in the region that’s damaged. The damaged region is ready along the plug is put into the site.
Step 6: End of Procedure
Following the tissue is set up, the surgical tools are removed and the procedure is finished.
When do you require Total Knee Replacement?
1. If you are aged above 55
2. If you have severe knee pain which limits your routine activities like walking, sitting, and climbing stairs.
3. If the moderate pain increases gradually to severe knee pain, especially while resting
4. If you have any deformities
5. If you are intaking drugs for a long period causing you side effects
6. If you have Osteoarthritis which is nothing but the wear and tear of the protective cartilage
7. If your immune system weakens with pain in joints or other areas.
8. If you have been swelling with pain around the knee.
If you are looking for total knee replacement in Chennai, read the following blog on the Knee Replacement Surgeons in Chennai