Are you willing to get the best total knee replacement in Chennai at Bharath Orthopaedics? Then, you should be aware of TKR. So, what is TKR? Total knee replacement surgery also known as total knee arthroplasty is a procedure that removes the damaged bone and replaces it with an artificial joint made of metal alloys and polymers.
If the non-surgical knee treatments like medicines and walking support are no longer helpful, you should consider knee surgery which is safe. Getting the total knee replacement at a reputed hospital helps in relieving pain besides correcting leg deformity.
You can also opt for joint replacement which is a protected and compelling methodology in orthopaedics to assuage torment, right leg deformation, and help you continue typical exercises.
Knee Replacement Surgery
Knee replacements are also known as knee arthroplasty. They are surgeries that are usually performed when the person suffers from a particular medical condition called arthritis, or it can also be due to reasons like cartilage defects, ligament tear, and major fractures in the area that requires replacement.
The procedure of the total knee replacement surgery Chennai is performed to improve the partial surfaces of the knee or fully removes the surfaces of the knee to reduce the pain, improve inability, and create durability for the knee in order to get proper movement and flexibility.
Knee Pain Causes
- Osteoarthritis: This is a type of arthritis that is very common to millions of people all over the world. This happens due to the wear and tear of the protective cartilage.
- Rheumatoid Arthritis: It weakens the immune system by causing joints and the other body organs to swell. You can also experience pain around the joint areas.
- Post-Traumatic Arthritis This happens after a knee injury and usually occurs after physical injury to the joint.
Why Would One Need Knee Surgery?
Osteoarthritis, the breakdown of joint cartilage and underlying bone is one of the major reasons for knee replacement surgery in Chennai. Age is a very common condition and it occurs when cartilage the protection or covering between the knee and the bone joints breaks down.
Other Reasons for Knee Replacement Surgery
There can be other reasons for the best total knee replacement in Chennai. This may include:
- Deformities: People with bent legs or “knock-knees” often undergo surgery to restore the position of the knee.
- Knee Injuries: When a bone is broken or if there is a tear in the ligament around the knee, resulting in arthritis causing great pain and gradually limits your movements.
Types of Knee Replacement Surgery
Knee Replacement surgeries are complicated procedures that have to be handled with an equal amount of care and precision.
- Total Knee Replacement.
- Partial Knee Replacement.
- Patellofemoral Replacement.
- Complex Knee Replacement.
- Cartilage Restoration.
Total Knee Replacement
Total knee replacement is the most common traditional method used by doctors to treat a damaged knee. In this, the knee surgeon usually replaces the surfaces of the thigh bone and shin bone that connects to the knee.
After the procedure of total knee replacement, the knee functions like that of a normal knee and can be customized to fit the body type of every kind respectively. The surgeon performs these four-step techniques in this total knee replacement surgery in Chennai.
- Firstly, the bone and the cartilage are treated and removed.
- Secondly, the implants are fixed or fitted on the affected area or the bone is either attached.
- Thirdly, a plastic button if fixed below the kneecap,
- Finally, the surgeon inserts and fixes a plastic spacer between the knee and the femur (thigh bone) to accomplish smooth flexibility and functioning of the knee.
Finally, there should be a proper alignment, after which the bone must be carefully fitted for a fair movement.
Partial Knee Replacement
The partial knee surgery is applicable and suitable for individuals who have strong knee ligaments to resist the surgery. Here only the infected and the least part is replaced by protecting most of the natural bone, ligaments, and tissues in place for the bodily movements. At the same time, if only one side of your knee is affected due to arthritis, this surgery can be performed.
It can be done through a smaller slit that is required for performing the TKR. The surgeon removes the stiffness in joints called the arthritic and then replaces that area with either metal or plastic compared to that of the total knee replacement surgery in Chennai.
This knee replacement surgery can be highly effective for people with chronic kneecap arthritis for replacing only the under-surface of the kneecap.
Complex Knee Replacement
This is required for patients with severe arthritis or is performed on patients who have done existing two or three surgeries.
Sometimes when the knee has a distinct injury in this area it can be replaced with a living cartilage graft or cells which grow into cartilage.
Knee Cartilage Transplant
Knee Cartilage Transplants is a method to replace damaged cartilage in the knee joint with healthy cartilage. This is considered to be one of the greatest knee pain therapy compared to that of the total knee replacement in Chennai.
These are typically conducted in areas where there is minimal damage, as the graft can be extracted from a small region within the same joint. They’re generally performed by means of a little camera called an arthroscope, which means that the incision is probably smaller, recovery is faster and easier than with open surgery.
If the damaged region is too large to get an autograft, then you might need to undergo an allograft that requires open surgery. An allograft is the same as an autograft where it is removed from bone and cartilage. It is sterilized and analyzed for any potential disorder. An allograft enables your surgeon to accurately cut and set the cartilage on a damaged joint.
This is also referred to as one of the best surgical procedures compared to that of the total knee replacement surgery in Chennai.
Step 1: Removal of Damaged Cartilage – Articular cartilage is a rubbery tissue that covers the ends of bones. Its smooth surface acts as a cushion between bones. In the first and foremost step, knee cartilage transplant is performed to remove the defective cartilage.
Step 2: Procedure Performed – Cartilage may break down because of overuse or trauma and that causes swelling and pain problems with your joints. Your treatment for total knee replacement in Chennai will depend on the magnitude of the defect. This process is done on those that have a particular cartilage defect as a result of an injury. It isn’t achieved when cartilage reduction is significantly more extensive.
Step 3: Incisions – The surgical instruments will be used within these incisions after small incisions are made around the joint.
Step 4: Visualization – The scope is placed into the knee via a tube (cannula) and to the knee for extending the joint and to increase visualization. The picture will be sent to your video screen where the surgeon is able to see the joint.
Step 5: Repair – A plugin allograft tissue comprising cartilage and bone is formed to fit in the region that has been damaged. The damaged region which is ready is put into the site.
Step 6: End of Procedure – After the total knee replacement surgery Chennai, the tissue is set up, the surgical tools are removed and the incisions are closed.
Is Total Knee Replacement for You?
The choice to have total knee replacement in Chennai ought to be helpful for you, and your family. Your healthcare provider might allude you to an orthopaedic specialist for an exhaustive assessment to decide whether you could benefit from this medical procedure.
How does Total Knee Replacement Surgery Work?
Total Knee Replacement or TKR is an operative procedure where the damaged knee is replaced using an artificial knee. During the surgery, the ends of the thigh bone are ejected and replaced with an artificial metal shell; the edge of the leg bone is replaced with a plastic piece over a man made metal stem.
Depending on the damaged condition of the kneecap, the under surface will also be resurfaced with a plastic kneecap. Many designs with different materials are used in replacements.
At Bharath Orthopaedics, you can get an affordable and best total knee replacement in Chennai, as the experts here use advanced implants to deliver the best clinical outcomes and increase lifestyle for a patient.
Procedures Followed for Total Knee Treatment
Under the supervision of our senior knee specialist – Dr. Bharath, we at Bharath Orthopaedics provide standard knee treatments for treating patients without surgery using the following methods:
- Hyaluronic acid injections or knee shots
- Platelet rich plasma or PRP injections
- Stem cell therapy
Hyaluronic Acid or Knee Shots
Hyaluronic acid is like a substance that occurs in the joints, and it acts as a lubricant as well as a shock absorber, helping the joint to work properly. Hyaluronic acid injections are also known as HA or gel injections. They are used for treating knee pain in patients with osteoporosis or for whom other treatments have been ineffective.
How do Hyaluronic Acid Joint Injections Work?
For a healthy joint, a fluid named hyaluronan provides lubrication. But, if you are infected with osteoarthritis, there would be less supply of this fluid. Hyaluronic acid joint injections complement the joint’s hyaluronan with hyaluronic acid.
It is a basic procedure performed by the doctor by injecting hyaluronic acid directly in and around the joints area. The injections will depend on the specific type of usage of hyaluronan preparation. On the other hand, most people are injected for three to five weeks.
If the treatment is effective, you can experience good results within days. Sometimes, the relief often lasts for several months when your doctor may recommend repetitions. Knee shots are the popular treatment method when it comes to total knee replacement in Chennai.
Platelet Rich Plasma or PRP Injections
Plasma is a liquid part of the human blood mostly made of water and protein. It allows red, and white blood cells along with the platelets to move through your bloodstream. Platelets make your blood clot as they play a major role in healing.
How do PRP Injections Work?
To collect plasma, the surgeon takes samples of blood from your body and to separate the platelet-rich plasma from the blood cutting-edge machines are used. Then the area of your body is being treated with PRP injections.
The surgeon uses a needle to inject the plasma by making the area of your body numb. PRP injections are used to treat torn tendons, muscle injuries, joint replacement, tendinitis, and, arthritis.
Stem Cell Therapy
Stem cells are special cells that act as building blocks and have the potential to distinguish the types of cells within the human body. It is a strategy to repair degenerative cartilage than implantation with a key focus of tissue on the functional replacement of cartilage and meniscus regeneration.
How does Stem Cell Therapy Work?
During this procedure of this best total knee replacement in Chennai, your physician will draw the blood through a peripheral vein. Then the physician will extract a sample of your bone marrow from the iliac crest to harvest stem cells.
The blood samples and bone marrow samples are used to prepare an injection of growth factors from the blood and stem cells are processed out of the bone marrow. This mixture is injected into the affected orthopaedic therapy targeted area to promote healing and recovery.
Read also: Knee surgery recovery tips.
Benefits of Total Knee Replacement
The benefits of total knee replacement surgery Chennai include the following:
- Pain relief.
- Increased movements in the joints.
- Correction of deformity or straight knee.
- Strengthens the leg.
- Quality of life has improved.
- Ability to return to normal life.
When do you require total knee replacement?
Total Knee Replacement (TKR) is a surgical procedure in which the damaged or diseased knee joint is replaced with an artificial joint.
The most common reasons for TKR are:
- Osteoarthritis: This is the most common reason for TKR. Osteoarthritis is a degenerative joint disease that causes the cartilage in the knee joint to wear away, resulting in bone-on-bone friction, pain, and stiffness.
- Rheumatoid Arthritis: This autoimmune disorder usually causes chronic inflammation of the joints. Over time, it can lead to damage in the cartilage and bone in the knee joint, necessitating TKR.
Is total knee replacement a major surgery?
Yes, total knee replacement (TKR) is considered a major surgery. It involves the replacement of the entire knee joint with an artificial joint made of metal, plastic, or ceramic components. The surgery is usually performed under general anesthesia and typically takes between 1-2 hours.
How painful is a total knee replacement?
Total knee replacement (TKR) is a major surgery, and pain is to be expected during the recovery process. However, modern anesthesia techniques and pain management strategies have significantly improved, and most patients report less pain during recovery than in the past.
Immediately after the surgery, patients may experience some pain and discomfort. Pain can be managed with medications, including opioids, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), and nerve blocks.
Overall, the total knee replacement surgery in Chennai has been found to be a highly effective treatment option for people with severe knee pain and disability. It can significantly improve quality of life and allow people to resume many of the activities they enjoyed before their knee problems. However, as with any surgery, there are risks involved, and it is important for patients to carefully consider their options and discuss the potential benefits and drawbacks with their healthcare provider.
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