Knee Surgery Arthroscopy Overview
Knee arthroscopy(Knee Surgery Arthroscopy ) is a surgery that uses a tiny camera to check the problems inside your knee. The camera that is hooked up to a video monitor lets the surgeon see inside the knee. Two or three small cuts are made around your knee and the surgeon will place small surgical tools inside your knee through the small incisions.
Saline, a mixture of sodium chloride in water will be injected into your knee to inflate the knee. A cuff-like device is kept around your thigh to control bleeding throughout the procedure. The surgeon will close your slits with stitches and cover them with a dressing.
Then he will fix or remove the problem in your knee. After performing your surgery successfully, the saline will be drained from your knee. Many surgeons capture footage of the entire procedure using the video monitor. You can also view these pictures after the operation is performed so that you can understand the entire procedure of the surgery.
- Before the procedure
- During the procedure
- After the procedure
- Try to stop smoking or drinking to avoid the higher risk of surgical complications.
- Always consult a doctor regarding the intake of medicines or drugs, even supplements, or herbs you have bought without a prescription.
- You will be told to stop taking medicines that make it harder for your blood to clot. These include aspirin, Advil, Naprosyn, Motrin, Aleve, and other blood thinners.
Knee Surgery Arthroscopy During the procedure
- You will be instructed not to drink or eat anything for a duration of 6 to 12 hours before the procedure is about to begin.
- Take the prescribed medicines with a limited sip of water.
- The surgeon will give you anaesthesia before your arthroscopy which may include:
- Local anaesthesia. Your knee may have numbness with pain medicine. You will remain awake and relaxed throughout the procedure.
- General anaesthesia. You will be asleep and pain-free.
- Spinal/ Regional anaesthesia. The painkiller is injected by a space in your spine. You will remain awake however, you won’t feel anything below your waist.
- Regional nerve block. Another type of regional anaesthesia to block out pain so that you need less anaesthesia. The pain medicine is injected around the nerve in your groin or hip which will make you asleep during the operation.
- Then, the skin on your knee will be cleaned to prevent surgical site infection,
- The surgeon will make a few tiny incisions, called “portals,” in your knee.
- Especially fill the knee joint and rinse away any cloudy fluid, a sterile solution used because it can help your orthopaedic surgeon see the structures inside your knee clearly.
- And, further, if surgical treatment is required, your surgeon will insert tiny instruments through other small incisions.
After the procedure:
Your surgeon may close with a stitch or small band-aids, and then your knee is covered with a soft bandage. A soft bandage will protect your incisions or cuts while they get better.
Knee arthroscopy may be suggested for patients with specific knee injuries, particularly those that do not respond to non-surgical treatment which include rest, physical therapy, and medications or injections that can reduce inflammation.
The knee arthroscopy may last for less than an hour counting on the findings of the person as it is rapid compared to the traditional open knee surgery. It is highly essential to follow your doctor’s instructions carefully after you return home.
It is advisable to discuss with a doctor if you have symptoms like bleeding, swelling, yellowish discharge from your incisions and additionally if you have a high temperature, exercise your knee regularly for several weeks after surgery. This will strengthen the muscles and restore the motion of your leg and knee.