Non – Surgical Treatments Overview

Non-surgical treatments are considered as a sub-specialty of orthopedics which deal with all types of non-surgical treatments of orthopedic and musculoskeletal conditions. They can cover the sub specialty areas of orthopedics, depending on the age levels or demographics (i.e.) from children to adults. Generally, the physicians treat the patients non-surgically and in case if patients require any surgery, they would be referred to a qualified surgeon.

If you are undergoing orthopaedic pain or have sustained orthopaedic injury the idea of surgery may seem intimidating. In some cases, surgery is not essential to be done at all. And there are various other options to heal. Many orthopaedic specialists are experts in providing treatments using the non-surgical methods, that include the cortisone injections, visco supplementation (VS) injections, platelet rich plasma (PRP) injections, bracing, or simply physical therapy as the physicians have also mastered in providing less invasive, non-surgical treatment techniques.

Certain common non-surgical orthopaedic treatments can be implemented at home as a recommended by your orthopaedic specialist if you’ve experienced any orthopaedic pain or injury. Some of them include,

Cortisone Injections

  • Cortisone injections or steroids are interchangeable terms as it allows targeted treatment to reduce pain or treat the problem areas cause severe pains, swellings or inflammations.
  • Mostly it is used for controlling the pains or disorders in the joints.
  • Typically, one injection leads few negative complications and it is not so much recommended having several injections on the same area over a short time span.
  • It is advisable by the orthopedist specialist to give a pause for a minimum of 3-6 months if you have used the cortisone injections. So that, you are recommended to take the injections in tandem with physical therapy appointments.

Visco supplementation (VS) injections

  • Visco supplementation injections are therapeutic options used with hyaluronic acid by injecting, especially in the joint. The hyaluronic acid, a gel like fluid acts as a lubricant for the healthy knees as it enables the bones to glide easily and a shock absorber for the joint loads.
  • Mostly persons with lower concentration of hyaluronic acid or individuals suffering from osteoarthritis get treated in this procedure.
  • You will receive for about one to five shots over several weeks to get good results as it may provide relief from arthritis.

Platelet-rich plasma (PRP) injections:

  • Most of the disorders to treat various orthopaedic problems and injuries starting from sprained knees to chronic tendon injuries is termed as the platelet-rich plasma treatments.
  • Blood is mainly termed as plasma that comprise all the solid components like the red cells, white cells and platelets. The platelets help in clotting of blood and is very helpful for healing.
  • Typically, PRP is a plasma with more platelets to speed up the healing process. Sometimes, PRP is given for patients after undergoing surgical treatments for repairing or healing injuries.
  • In short, using our platelets, and plasma aids in healing under the non-surgical treatment.

Bracing, booting and casting

  • Certain injuries need to be immobilized before indicating any other nonsurgical or surgical treatment.
  • Disorders like Achilles tendinitis, and ankle sprains are treated with immobilization under the non-surgical treatment.

Joint manipulation

  • You will receive a general anaesthesia where you will be unconscious and painless.
  • The physician will then move your joint in different directions to loosen the tightened tissue for flexible movement.

Joint distension 

  • The sterile water is injected into the joint capsule that can help you stretch the tissue and make it easier for mobility.

Physical Therapy

  • Many orthopedic injuries, especially in sports or athletics the muscles get weakened surrounding the joints due to the overuse or by using poor techniques.
  • A trainer orthopedic physical therapist is required to treat and condition the muscles, tendons, and ligaments of the musculoskeletal system to retain the maximal functional independence.
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