Knee Replacement Vs Partial Knee Replacement Surgery

Partial Knee Replacement Surgery
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Knee replacement surgery is one of the most usual orthopaedic surgeries performed in India.  Past few years this partial knee replacement surgery has become more popular and the most successful surgery in reducing pain and is capable of restoring mobility to patients with joint pain and damage. This partial knee replacement surgery is done in Advanced osteoarthritis, people suffering from acute knee or joint pain.

Who Gets into This Joint Replacement Procedure?

1. Normal wear and tear
2. A past knee injury
3. Genetic problems
4. Cartilage degeneration and progressive joint damage

For all these above issues there is constant pain, swelling, stiffness, and decreased mobility in the knee. It has been seen in recent years most osteoarthritis problems lead to difficulty walking and performing daily activities. To get efficient mobility and can-do daily activities you need to do partial knee replacement surgery which is a great option to improve your quality of life.

Types of Knee Replacement Surgery

Broadly it has divided into two types of knee replacement surgery:

Keep reading to know more about the differences between knee replacement surgery, and procedures, and when each one is good for you.

Partial Knee Replacement Surgery

Partial Vs. Total Knee Replacement Surgery

Knee replacement surgery is the final treatment for patients with advanced osteoarthritis or constant knee pain treatment. Surgery is suggested if the medication, physical therapy, injections, lifestyle changes, and assistive devices won’t work out. Getting all those remedies still there is constant knee pain, swelling, and difficulties in moving and doing daily activities.

To get rid of all of this traumatic pain there is a need for surgical intervention. As Chennai is the major hub for all medical institutes and hospitals that are giving world-class medical aid and support to patients. Especially Chennai is the best in giving cost-affordable knee replacement surgery.

If you are searching for the best knee replacement surgery in Chennai, then Bharath Orthopaedics will be the right choice for you to give the best and most affordable knee replacement surgery with ease.

When you visit here the doctors will examine your knee condition and then decide whether a partial or complete replacement surgery is the right option for you or not.

The Knee Joint includes Three Cubicles:

  • The medial cubicles (inside of the knee),
  • Lateral cubicles (outside of the knee)
  • Patellofemoral cubicles (front of the knee).

Partial Knee Replacement Surgery

Partial knee replacement surgery is suggested only if one cubicle of the knee has damage or degeneration. Here in this surgery the damaged cartilage and bone are entirely removed and replaced with new knee implants. A Partial knee replacement surgery holds healthy cartilage, bone, and ligaments in the joint.

Total Knee Replacement Surgery

A total Knee Replacement Surgery is suggested when three of the above cubicles get damaged or degenerate. During surgery, all joint surfaces are removed and exchanged with knee implants. A total replacement surgery needs: –

  • Partial or total loss of natural cartilage
  • Or any damage to Bone and ligaments in the joint

Which Surgery Is the Best Choice?

Partial replacement surgeries are done in the rarest cases than total replacement surgeries. To opt for a partial replacement, you must have certain criteria like

  • Damage contained to a single compartment
  • Minimal or no joint deformity
  • Intact ligaments
  • Overall knee stability

A partial knee replacement surgery is fast and the recovery period is less than total replacement surgeries. But risks are seen in a partial replacement: the joint damage and degeneration will move to other cubicles of the knee that eventually force the doctors to have a second surgery which is total replacement knee surgery again.

Anyhow the total knee replacement is a better option if you have criteria like

  • Rigorous joint deformity
  • Ligament damage or immovability
  • Loss of range of motion
  • Consistent pain even after non-operative treatments

How long Does it take to Recover from a Partial Knee Replacement?

Usually, patients who have undergone a partial knee replacement surgery has a speedy recovery compared to those who have done a total knee replacement. Most of the people are able to walk with a walker or cane within 3 – 4 weeks after the surgery but they will require physical therapy for 3 – 4 months to restore their active lifestyle. 

Is it Worth Doing a Partial Knee Replacement?

It is absolutely worth to a partial knee replacement surgery compared to the total knee replacement. This preserves range of motion and also aids in smooth knee function by preserving healthy tissue and bones in the knee. More than 90% of partial knee replacements still functions well even after 10 years of surgery making the patients completely satisfied. 

How Many Hours is a Partial Knee Replacement Surgery?

If your doctor suggests you with the partial knee replacement surgery, you should be aware that this procedure takes about 45 – 60 minutes to complete. After which, the patient will be shifted to the recovery room for about an hour. Followed by the recovery time, physical therapy will be given. Sometimes, hospital stay is required for about 2-3 days. 

What is the Success Rate of Partial Knee Replacement?

According to the medical research, it is estimated that around 90% of partial knee replacements properly functions till date even after 10 years of surgery. Another research suggests that patient who have undergone a total knee replacement in one knee and partial replacement on the other knee consistently prefer the partial knee replacement. 

Conclusion

As mentioned above, knee replacement surgeries have proven to be more efficient in reducing pain and improving mobility in many cases. Above all discussion, this blog says that a total replacement implant is a better option and is incredibly durable, and can last for 15-20 years if proper care is taken. The revision rate for total knee replacements is comparatively lesser than for partial replacements.

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